Sep 26, 2013


The Trade Marks Act; Chapter 436; Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990 provides for Trademarks and Patents in Nigeria. A trademark is a symbol or a sign which differentiates the goods and services of one business from another one. You can register your trademark - a name, logo, slogan, domain name, shape, colour or sound with the Commercial Law department, Ministry of Trade and Investment in Nigeria. This can legally protect your trademark from use by a competitor. The trademark must be distinctive for the goods and services that you provide, not be deceptive, illegal or immoral and not be similar to existing trademarks.

A trademark provides protection to the owner of the mark by ensuring the exclusive right to use it to identify goods or services, or to authorize another to use it in return for payment. The period of protection varies, but a trademark can be renewed indefinitely beyond the time limit on payment of additional fees. Trademark protection is enforced by the courts, which in most systems have the authority to block trademark infringement.

In a larger sense, trademarks promote initiative and enterprise worldwide by rewarding the owners of trademarks with recognition and financial profit. Trademark protection also hinders the efforts of unfair competitors, such as counterfeiters, to use similar distinctive signs to market inferior or different products or services. The system enables people with skill and enterprise to produce and market goods and services in the fairest possible conditions, thereby facilitating international trade.

Applicant's details

The full name(s), nationality and physical address of the applicant (to be advised to local Agent/Attorney).

The trademark Information

The Representation must be clear and distinct. If to be filed online, soft copies are to be provided in jpeg format at a minimum of 1200 dpi.

A representation is preferred to have the following dimensions: 120px by 100px (length by breath)


The full range of goods covered or proposed to be covered by the trade mark. Nigeria presently follows the International Classification of Goods. A separate application is filed for each classification of goods for which the trade mark is to be registered.

Power of Attorney/Authorization of Agent

A Power of Attorney simply signed, with full particulars of name(s), address (es) and nationality of the applicant(s). Full name(s) and capacity of the signatory when applicant is a firm/company.

The usual market practice is to instruct a local Attorney/Agent in Nigeria, who would file and process applications at the Nigerian Registry of Trade Marks, Patents, Designs and Copyright. A Power of Attorney/Authorization of Agent Form would be completed in favor of such local Agent, as the enabling instrument to act for the principal/ Applicant. Thereafter, all official documents and forms would be submitted by the local Agent/Attorney. Until replaced or substituted by another local Agent, the local Agent remains responsible for processing registrations of the marks, defending Oppositions (if any), provides address for local service of documents, and maintains renewals of the marks. A local Agent/Attorney may be replaced or substituted by executing another Power of Attorney/Authorization of Agent Form in favor of the succeeding Agent. NO formal notices are necessary and the Agent with the more recent Authorization is deemed to be the one with powers to act thenceforth.

After filing the application for trade mark registration, the Registrar issues an official acknowledgement reflecting the official number and filing date of the application. A preliminary search is conducted as to distinctiveness from existing and pending registrations. The Registrar examines the application for registrability taking into consideration possible conflicts with prior registered or pending marks and or inherent registrability of the mark. If the Registrar finds the trademark acceptable for registration, the applicant will be furnished with a letter/notice of acceptance.

Every trade mark application must be advertised in the Nigerian Trademark Journal, and is open to opposition for a period of two (2) months from the date of advertisement.

If no objections are received within the specified period or no objections are sustained, the Registrar will issue the applicant with a certificate of registration.

When issued, the Registration Certificate will reflect the date of initial filing as date of registration (i.e. date of filing acknowledgement).

Nigerian trade mark registrations have an initial validity of seven (7) years, and are thereafter indefinitely renewable for periods of fourteen (14) years. An application for renewal should be made not less than three (3) months from the due date.

A trademark may be registered either plainly (black and white) or in colour. However, where a trademark is registered in colour, the protection afforded the Mark is limited to the colour(s) registered. On the other hand, a plain (viz. black and white) registration affords protection to all colours of presentation of the trade mark.

Occasionally, the Registrar may request that for distinctiveness and acceptability for registration, word marks that are Common English words be registered in combination with devices or logos.


Trademarks can now be filed in Nigeria electronically through Local IP Agents. The Electronic filing was introduced to reduce the Hassles that come with Manual Processing of Applications.

The Electronic Filing Method is Convenient as you can file from the comfort of your location. Applicants will automatically get their Electronic acknowledgement notice on the same day of payment. Payments can now be made via using Debit cards or at any Skye Bank Plc. in Nigeria. Applicants however must obtain Pre-generated Invoices obtainable through a Platform created for Local Agents in Nigeria.

One of the Benefits of Electronic filing is the Check Status module. You can track your applications online using your online application ID provided on your Acknowledgment letter.

Electronic Filing is encouraged as it is in line with Best practices around the world.

- copied from


  1. Hello, may I please know if the process of registering a Design (Non textile design) is the same as registering a trademark?

  2. Thanks so much for posting a lot of this awesome content! Looking forward to checking out more!
    Filing a Trademark & Trademark Registration Attorney

  3. Wow !! there is a nice details on Trademark registration fees .. just click on link and get details.

  4. I think one of the essential thing for any business owner is to trademark your business and trademark registration procedure information you shared is good.
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  5. Great post, A trademark application has to be filed before the Trademarks Registry by a local agent. A non-legalized power of attorney is sufficient. Foreign applicants do not need a domestic registration.

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  6. Definitely agree with what you stated. Your explanation was certainly the easiest to understand.keep posting.
    trademark protection

  7. Patent valuation service is that we deliver a high-quality analysis by utilizing a senior licensing/patent brokerage expert in the valuation and review of your intellectual property.
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  8. Wow is just the simple word that may explain that how much I liked it. It was nicely stuffed with the material I was looking for. It’s great to be here though by chance.
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  9. Address of National Agents in Lagos please?

    1. Only in Abuja. You can engage a lawyer to help you.

  10. Call Barrister Nneka if you need help registering your Company or your patents or trademarks. She is based in Abuja. She is fast and her fees are affordable.

  11. Please, is Barrister Nneka real?

  12. Contact Nigerian Law Intellectual Property Watch. They helped me with registering my trademark.

    1. i reside in portharcourt and i have a trademark that i want to register, please i need a proper breakdown on how to go about it..
      thanks in anticipation.. or contact me 08066650378 or 07033028050

  13. For all your Company Incorporation, Business Name Registration, Intellectual Property Rights (Copyright,Trademark and or Patent), please contact Basil C. Nwabichie Esq @ 07062234646 or visit us (Paschal Kingsley & Company-Barristers and Investment Solicitors) @27 Kakawa Street, Off Broad Street, Marina-Lagos.

  14. So lawyers have decided to use this platform to "advertise" their services. Hmmmmmmm

  15. i reside in portharcourt and i have a trademark that i want to register, please i need a proper breakdown on how to go about it..
    thanks in anticipation.. or contact me 08066650378 or 07033028050

  16. It is not just enough to register or seek to register a business, company trade mark or Patent or Design.
    For company registration, you need to be advised of the various types of companies and the legal implications of procuring registration as one.
    For trademark, patents and designs, ask carefully to be properly guided. There is a distinction between the three. The article above while very enlightening appears to have lumped all three together. They are different. Whoever you engage must be able to distinguish them and advise of the effect of registering each.
    You must know, too that mere registration may not afford you the extent of cover of protection you would need, or for as long as you thought, or for all the products or services you offer.
    Online chatrooms, fora and blogs are dangerous places to seek comprehensive legal advice on any matter.
    Truly competent persons would ask you to their office and have extensive discussion with you on your peculiar needs and address them accordingly.
    Of course the exception being clients that cannot for distance or other truly congent reason be physically present.
    Look well before you engage that online charracter. Best wishes, all.

  17. It is a great website.. The Design looks very good.. Keep working like that!.
    visit here right now


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