There are a lot of people reading this post, answering “No” to the above question. Next is thinking asking why you don’t have one in the first place and wondering if you are even entitled to one?
Personally, I have met workers who informed me that though they were engaged in various forms of employments, they did not have written Contracts of Employment neither had they been provided one by their employers.
If you work in Nigeria and most likely any part of the World. Employers are always required to provide a contract of employment to their workers. Also by virtue of the Labour Act, every employer should provide a worker with a copy of the Contract of employment not later than 3 months after the worker has commenced employment. The law states in Section 7, that -
7. (1) Not later than three months after the beginning of a worker's period of employment with an employer, the employer shall give to the worker a written statement specifying-
(a) the name of the employer or group of employers, and where appropriate, of the undertaking by which the worker is employed;
(b) the name and address of the worker and the place and date of his engagement;
(c) the nature of the employment;
(d) if the contract is for a fixed term, the date when the contract expires;
(e) the appropriate period of notice to be given by the party wishing to terminate the contract, due regard being had to section 11 of this Act;
(f) the rates of wages and method of calculation thereof and the manner and periodicity of payment of wages;
(g) any terms and conditions relating to-
(i) hours of work, or
(ii) holidays and holiday pay, or
(iii) incapacity for work due to sickness or injury, including any provisions for sick pay; and
(h) any special conditions of the contract.
Furthermore, Subsection (2) states that if after the date to which the said statement relates there is a change in the terms to be included or referred to in the statement the employer shall, not more than one month after the change, inform the worker of the nature of the change by a written statement; if he does not leave a copy of the statement with the worker, shall preserve the statement and ensure that the worker has reasonable opportunities of reading it in the course of his employment, or that it is made reasonably accessible to the worker in some other way.
From the above, it’s essential that workers are provided with copies of their Contracts of employment according to the provisions of the law. By virtue of Section 21 of the Act, any employer who breaches the above mentioned law is guilty of an offence and liable to payment of a fine.
Adedunmade Onibokun & Co.
Photo Credit - www.constituitionproject.ie